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Electric Fleets in Urban Logistics

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E-Bus of the Wiener Linien in Vienna
Copyright: Wiener Linien GmbH & Co KG

Due to their particular architecture, small and medium-sized historic towns are particularly affected by population growth combined with shifting consumption patterns. They suffer from the elevated noise and air pollution, congestion and health and safety issues which result from more urban freight transport entering historic city centres. It is imperative that feasible and sustainable urban logistics solutions are found that result in tangible reductions in energy consumption and environmental impacts. This is the focus of ENCLOSE – Energy Efficiency in City Logistics for Small and Mid-Sized European Historic Towns.

The International Energy Agency suggests an “Avoid, Shift and Improve” policy approach for cities, which – when applied to urban freight transport – implies:

  • Avoid freight delivery kilometres
  • Shift to more (energy-)efficient modes
  • Improve the efficiency of vehicle and fuel technology

The use of electric vehicles instead of conventionally-fuelled vehicles in freight transport is one way to improve urban freight efficiency. This can yield positive long-term effects for cities by increasing air quality as well as reducing CO2 emissions and noise. With the sector being particularly vulnerable to disruptions in energy supply and price volatility, the use of electric vehicles also offers an opportunity to break its dependence on oil.



Location: http://www.bmvit.gv.at/en/verkehr/electromobility/urbanlogistics/urbanlogistics.html
Date: 17.07.2014